Commissions of Inquiry Essay

Subject – Administrative Law

Commissions of Inquiry


Posted by: Arvind Srinivas

We. D. Number 1555

third Year, M. A. Ll. B. (Hons. )

Day of Submission: 12th September, 2010.

Research Methodology

1 ) Aim:

This kind of paper should make a study of and examine the status, significance and capabilities of commissions of inquiry.

2 . Range and Restrictions:

The range of the paper extends to a descriptive research of the position, powers, features and relevance of commissions of inquiry. Due to paucity of time an space a great analytical strategy could not be studied.

3. Research Questions:

The following research questions are responded in this paper: What is the status of any commission of enquiry?

What are the capabilities and functions of a percentage of request? What is the relevance of commissions of inquiry?

some. Data Options:

Secondary causes of data such as books and case law have been used in the compilation with this paper. Every sources of info have been duly acknowledged.

a few. Style of Composing:

A consistent and analytical mode of writing has become employed through the entire paper.

six. Mode of Citation:

A uniform and approved setting of citation has been used in this paper.


The need for the Commissions of Inquiry Act of 1952 (the Act) arose principally due to the tedious nature in the measures that needed to be used before setting up any such commission payment. Prior to the enactment of this laws public inquiry had to be purchased either by executive notice served beneath the Public Assistance Inquiries Take action of 1850 or by enactment of ad hoc guidelines such as the Sugar Crisis Enquiring Authority Take action of 1950. The Act itself can be modeled on the Tribunals Of Inquiry (Evidence) Act, 1921 of England. Despite the basic structure becoming similar, both the Acts have got significant variations. The differences increased after the recommendations of the 24th Law Commission payment Report on this subject were implemented by way of an variation to the Take action in the year year 1971. The amendments mainly pertained to the protection of the freedom and reputation of individuals or perhaps groups. The most recent amendment to the Act is at the year 1990.

These procedures often turned out to be inadequate in dealing with the overwhelming need for community inquiry simply by an independent and impartial power. The need for this kind of independent specialist was strong by the fact that parliamentary committees were and are often motivated by the law and order situations that are frequent at the time. One example is Indira Gandhi jailed several members of Parliament on the basis of the findings of parliamentary inquiries and was himself jailed with this basis, upon losing majority in Legislative house.

The features of the commissions can be of varied types. There are commissions that are instituted to supply information like the ones dealing with the census. Then you will find commissions like the Pay Percentage which supply the Government with recommendations on things of great nationwide importance. Additionally there are commissions of query which research the execute of community officials which may have the tendenct to dversely affect the self confidence of the persons in the open public administration. As a result the function of a commission rate of request, primarily, is to investigate this sort of conduct and recommend management or legal measures to remedy any negative situation. While the Government may not be expected to go into every very little detail of irregularities in public areas administration, commissions of inquiry are designated to carry out this paramount process.

The status of the commissions of inquiry has been be subject to extensive judicial scrutiny. It is now, however , completed law that the commission of inquiry can be not a court except where statute specifically grants that this privilege. Even then the commissions have got considerable capabilities. The Action grants the commissions the strength of summoning witnesses, of capturing them below...


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