electricity Dissertation

Exec Summery

The power sector in Pakistan can be described as mix of hydel and heat units focused by two vertically built-in public sector utilities which have been Water and Power Advancement Authority (WAPDA) for all of Pakistan except Karachi, and the Karachi Electric Source Corporation (KESC) for metropolis of Karachi and its around areas. There are numerous of self-employed power manufacturers that adds significantly in electricity technology in Pakistan. For years, the matter of handling Pakistan's source against the demand for electricity has remained a mainly unresolved matter. Pakistan faces a significant

An understanding of Electricity Sector

In Pakistan

challenge in revamping its network responsible for the provision of electrical energy. Due to a great unrealistic electricity tariff, excessive inefficiencies, low payment recovery and the incapability of the authorities to manage it is subsidies system that lead to a significant " circular debt” issue which is learning to be a barrier pertaining to future energy sector purchase.

The economy is definitely badly troubled by electricity catastrophe with decrease of huge capital. The solution to the current crisis lies in energy conservation at all level in the country. The utilization of alternate strength such as blowing wind and solar power could be useful to immediately reduce the shortages, whilst electricity tasks from fossil fuel and large atteinte could give a long-term way to the electrical energy shortage. Nevertheless , China, Iran, India and Tajikistan, Germany, Qatar, Kuwait and some other countries have been offering to export electrical power to Pakistan to get over the growing electricity problems.

ISLAMABAD STEP OF TRADE & SECTOR

CHAMBER HOME: Aiwan-e-Sanat-o-Tijarat Street, Mauve Region, Sector G-8/1, Islamabad, Tel: + 92-51-2250526-2253145, Fax: +92-512252950, E-mail: [email protected] net. pk, Website: www.icci.com.pk

Abbreviations

WAPDA

KESC

PEPCO

LESCO

GEPCO

FESCO

IESCO

MEPCO

PESCO

HESCO

QESCO

TESCO

SEPCO

GENCO

NTDC

IPP

AEDB

PAEC

PEPCO

NEPRA

PPA

PSO

RPP

DISCO

CPP

EPP

JEWG

CTGPC

NesPAK

CASA

HVDC

Water and Power Expansion Authority

Karachi Electric Supply Company

Pakistan Electric Power Business

Lahore Electrical Supply Organization

Gujranwala Electric powered Supply Company

Faisalabad Electrical power Supply Company

Islamabad Electricity Supply Company

Manpower Foreign trade Placement Organization

Peshawar Electric powered Supply Organization

Hyderabad Electrical Supply Organization

Quetta Electric power Supply Company

Tribal Electric Supply Organization

Southern Energy Company

Central Power Technology Company

Nationwide Transmission & Despatch Organization

Independent Electric power producers

Alternate Energy Creation Board

Pakistan Atomic Strength Commission

Pakistan Electric Power Organization

National Electric Power Regulatory Expert

Power Obtain Agreement

Pakistan State Essential oil

Rental Electrical power Plants

Electric power Distribution Companies

Capacity Purchase Price

Energy Price

Joint Strength Working Group

China Three Gorges Project Corporation

Countrywide Engineering Providers Pakistan

Central Asia To the south Asia

High Voltage Direct Current

Table of Items

Ch. #1

1 . you

1 . 2 .

1 . a few.

1 . some

1 . your five

1 . your five. 1

1 ) 5. a couple of

Electricity in Pakistan

History

Pakistan Electrical energy Sector Structure

Sources of Electricity in Pakistan

Total Set up Capacity

Electrical power Consumption

Annual Electricity Intake

Sectoral Intake of Electrical power

Ch. #2

2 . one particular

2 . 2

2 . 3

2 . four

2 . five

The position of Impartial Power Suppliers (IPPs)

IPP industry in Pakistan

Contractual framework of IPPs

Set of IPPs

Risks faced by IPPs

Complications of IPPs

Ch. # 03: HYDRO ELECTRIC POWER CROPS

3. you

Hydro electricity Potential in Pakistan

several. 2

Hydro power Jobs

3. 3

Advantages and disadvantages of hydroelectric power

3. some

Non-Functional hydroelectric power units

Ch. # 04: Local rental Power Vegetation

4. 1

Status of RPPs

four. 2

Govt expenditures on RPPs

4. 3

Reasons behind non-operational RPPs

Ch. #05: Electricity Tariff Mechanism

5. 1

Tariff determination between DISCOS

your five. 2

The IPP...

References: Private Sector Power Technology Projects in Pakistan, 2010.

Major issues in Pakistan's Economy BY. A. Hamid Shahid(2005-2008 Edition)Statistical

bureau of Pakistan PEPCO

•

Pakistan Economic Survey, 2010-11



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