The Incomer Essay

A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF ALBERT CAMUS'S THE STRANGER AND THE MYTH OF SISYPHUS FROM POST-COLONIAL AND RELIGIOUS PERSPECTIVES

BY

RASSOUL DJAMOUKHANOV

INTERCONTINENTAL ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY MALAYSIA

2007

A CRITICAL RESEARCH OF ALBERT CAMUS'S THE STRANGER AND THE MYTH OF SISYPHUS COMING FROM POST-COLONIAL AND RELIGIOUS VIEWS

BY

RASSOUL DJAMOUKHANOV

A dissertation posted in incomplete fulfilment from the requirement for the degree of Master of Human Savoir (English Literary Studies) Kulliyyah Of Islamic Revealed Know-how and Man Sciences Foreign Islamic College or university Malaysia

06 2007

ABSTRACT

This thesis, entitled " A Critical Examination of Albert Camus's L'Etranger (The Unfamiliar person, published in 1942) and Le Mythe de Sisyphe (The Misconception of Sisyphus, published in 1942) coming from Post-Colonial and Religious Perspectives, ” concerns itself while using discussion of Albert Camus's The Stranger and The Myth of Sisyphus. Those two works had been chosen for critical examination due to their philosophical interconnection. The major thematic preoccupations contained in these types of writings, like the Absurd morality and existentialism as well as root motifs with the Stranger like colonialism, happen to be brought into concentrate and reviewed at duration in this analysis. The important discussion involves analysis from the Absurd main character whose a lot more founded on the moral guidelines expounded in The Myth of Sisyphus. Throughout the study, a lot of interesting analogies have been set up between Camusian absurd gentleman and Nietzscheian superhuman; have much in common in terms of their very own moral outlook and frame of mind towards existence. Special treatment is given towards the theme of colonialism which is thus pronounced in The Stranger. The topic of the morality of the Ridiculous directs this kind of study towards some metaphysical issues including the relationship between God and human beings, as well as the individual's worldly and psychic goals. This kind of research highlights the insufficiencies of the Absurd philosophy and the detrimental outcomes of nihilistic vision. The thesis records the links among Camus's very own life and the ideas these two performs contain, and pays particular attention to his philosophical perspective and his stand towards the Algerian problem.

my spouse and i

‫ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬

‫هﺬﻩ ا ُﻃﺮوﺣﺔ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻧﻘﺪي ﻝﻜﺘﺎﺑﻲ أﻝﺒﻴﺮت آﺎﻣﻮس )اﻝﻐﺮیﺐ، اﻝﻤﻨﺸﻮر ﺳﻨﺔ 2491م( وآﺘﺎب‬ ‫ﻷ‬ ‫)أﺳﻄﻮرﻩ ﺳﻴﺰیﻒ، اﻝﻤﻨﺸﻮر ﺳﻨﺔ 2491م( ﻣﻦ وﺟﻬﺔ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ اﻻﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎر وﻣﻦ وﺟﻬﺔ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫دیﻨﻴﺔ. وﺗﻬﺘﻢ هﺬﻩ ا ُﻃﺮوﺣﺔ ﺑﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ آﺘﺎﺑﻲ أﻝﺒﻴﺮت آﺎﻣﻮس )اﻝﻐﺮیﺐ( و )أﺳﻄﻮرﻩ ﺳﻴﺰیﻒ(. آﻼ‬ ‫ﻷ‬ ‫اﻝﻜﺘﺎﺑﻴﻦ ﺗﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎرهﻤﺎ ﻝﻠﺪراﺳﺔ اﻝﻨﻘﺪیﺔ ﻧﻈﺮا ﻝﻠﺘﺮاﺑﻂ اﻝﻔﻠﺴﻔﻲ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻤﺎ واﻝﺘﺮآﻴﺰ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻻهﺘﻤﺎﻣﺎت‬ ‫اﻝﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﻴﺔ اﻝﺮﺋﻴﺴﺔ اﻝﻮاردة ﻓﻲ هﺬیﻦ اﻝﻜﺘﺎﺑﻴﻦ، ﻣﺜﻞ اﻷﺧﻼق، واﻝﻮﺟﻮدیﺔ، واﻝﻌﺒﺜﻴﺔ، وآﺬﻝﻚ‬ ‫اﻝﺪواﻓﻊ اﻝﻜﺎﻣﻨﺔ ﻓﻲ آﺘﺎب )اﻝﻐﺮیﺐ( ﻣﺜﻞ اﻻﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎر، ﺣﻴﺚ ﻧﻮﻗﺸﺖ هﺬﻩ اﻝﺪواﻓﻊ ﺑﺎﻝﺘﻔﺼﻴﻞ ﻓﻲ هﺬا‬ ‫اﻝﺒﺤﺚ. وﺗﺸﻤﻞ اﻝﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ اﻝﻨﻘﺪیﺔ ﻝﻜﻼ اﻝﻌﻤﻠﻴﻦ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ اﻝﻌﺒﺜﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺣﻴﺎة اﻝﺒﻄﻞ اﻝﺘﻲ ﺗﻘﻮم ﻋﻠﻰ اﻝﻤﺒﺎدئ‬ ‫اﻷﺧﻼﻗﻴﺔ اﻝﻤﻮﺟﻮدة ﻓﻲ ﺵﺮح )أﺳﻄﻮرﻩ ﺳﻴﺰیﻒ(. وﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل هﺬﻩ اﻝﺪراﺳﺔ، ﻓﺈن ﺑﻌﺾ اﻝﺘﺸﺎﺑﻬﺎت‬ ‫ُﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﻴﻦ آﺎﻣﻮﺳﻴﺎن اﻝﺮﺟﻞ اﻝﻌﺒﺜﻲ، وﺑﻴﻦ اﻝﺮﺟﻞ اﻝﺨﺎرق ﻧﻴﻴﺘﺰﺳﺸﻴﻴﺎن؛ آﻤﺎ أن ﻝﺪیﻬﻤﺎ اﻝﻜﺜﻴﺮ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫أ‬ ‫اﻷﻣﻮر اﻝﻤﺸﺘﺮآﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ اﻻﺗﺠﺎﻩ اﻷﺧﻼﻗﻲ ﻧﺤﻮ اﻝﺤﻴﺎة. وﻗﺪ أوﻝﺖ هﺬﻩ اﻝﺪراﺳﺔ ﻋﻨﺎیﺔ ﺧﺎﺹﺔ‬ ‫ﻝﻤﻮﺿﻮع اﻻﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎر اﻝﺬي یﻈﻬﺮ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ واﺿﺢ ﻓﻲ آﺘﺎب )اﻝﻐﺮیﺐ(. أﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻝﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻝﻠﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ اﻷﺧﻼﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻝﻤﻮﺿﻮع اﻝﻌﺒﺜﻴﺔ ﻓﺈن هﺬﻩ اﻝﺪراﺳﺔ ﺗﺘﻨﺎول ﺑﻌﺾ اﻝﻘﻀﺎیﺎ اﻝﻤﻴﺘﺎﻓﻴﺰیﻘﻴﺔ ﻣﺜﻞ اﻝﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺑﻴﻦ اﷲ واﻝﺒﺸﺮ،‬ ‫وآﺬﻝﻚ أهﺪاف اﻹﻧﺴﺎن اﻝﺪﻧﻴﻮیﺔ واﻝﺮوﺣﻴﺔ. وآﻤﺎ أن هﺬا اﻝﺒﺤﺚ ُﺸﻴﺮ أیﻀﺎ إﻝﻰ ُوﺟﻪ اﻝﻘﺼﻮر ﻓﻲ‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺴﻔﺔ اﻝﻌﺒﺜﻴﺔ وﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ اﻷﺿﺮار اﻝﻤﻨﺒﺜﻘﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻓﻠﺴﻔﺔ اﻝﻌﺪﻣﻴﺔ. آﻤﺎ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ هﺬﻩ ا ُﻃﺮوﺣﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ رﺑﻂ‬ ‫ﻷ‬ ‫اﻝﺼﻼت ﺑﻴﻦ ﺣﻴﺎة آﻮﻣﺲ اﻝﺬاﺗﻴﺔ واﻷﻓﻜﺎر اﻝﺘﻲ یﺤﻤﻠﻬﺎ آﻼ اﻝﻌﻤﻠﻴﻦ، ویﻮﻝﻰ اهﺘﻤﺎﻣﺎ ﺧﺎﺹﺎ ﻻﺗﺠﺎهﻪ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫اﻝﻔﻠﺴﻔﻲ، وﻣﻮﻗﻔﻪ ﺗﺠﺎﻩ اﻝﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ اﻝﺠﺰاﺋﺮیﺔ. ‬

‫‪ii‬‬

ABSTRAK

Hipotesis ini ialah analisis kritikal terhadap dua buku Albert Camus iaitu L`Etranger (The Stranger) lalu Le Mythe de Sisyphe (The Misconception of Sisyphus) dari " Pertimbangan Perspektif Pasca Kolonial dan Agama”. Kajian berkisar kepada perbincangan dalam The Stranger kemudian The Myth of Sisyphe. Kedua hasil aksi...

Bibliography: you

Today, Islam is still misunderstood as " anti-human, anti-democratic, antiSemitic, anti-rational” (Said, 80: 5)

almost 8

Though Camus tried to disassociate himself via existentialist philosophers (Kamber, 2002), his setting of thinking exhibits existential mindset while the article reveals



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